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无限乱码不卡一二三四区,无限乱码不卡一二三四区app

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间:2021-05-08 20:21:15

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛

璐锋璐埧杩樻锛9绉嶅舰寮忛傚悎鑷繁鍗充负鈥滀匠鈥潀||||||

鎴胯捶浣滀负鐩墠澶у鏁拌喘鎴垮搴紑閿鏈澶х殑涓椤癸紝濡備綍鍔炵悊鎴胯捶鍗村ぇ鏈夎绌躲備笉鍚岃捶娆剧被鍨嬩細鏈変笉鍚岀殑杩樻鏂瑰紡锛涗笉鍚岀殑娑堣垂浜虹兢鍙堟湁涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忋備粖澶╋紝缁欏ぇ瀹跺甫鏉ヤ節绉嶆埧璐疯繕娆炬柟寮忥紝璧剁揣鏉ョ湅鐪 鎵惧埌閫傚悎浣犵殑銆

1銆佸垎闃舵鎬ц繕娆炬硶閫傚悎骞磋交浜

鐢变簬骞磋交浜恒佸ぇ瀛︾敓鍒氬弬鍔犲伐浣滐紝鎵嬪ご璧勯噾绱у紶锛屾墍浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓氨鍏佽瀹㈡埛鏈3-5骞村闄愭湡锛屽紑濮嬭繕娆炬瘡鏈堝彧瑕佸嚑鐧惧厓锛岃繃浜5骞村悗锛岄殢鐫鏀跺叆鎻愰珮銆佺粡娴庡熀纭鐨勫く瀹烇紝杩樻涔熶細鎻愰珮姝ュ叆姝e父鐨勮繕娆炬柟寮忋

2銆佺瓑棰濇湰閲戣繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆楂樹汉缇

绛夐鏈噾杩樻锛屽熸浜哄彲闅忚繕璐峰勾浠藉鍔犻愭笎鍑忚交璐熸媴銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忔槸灏嗘湰閲戝垎鎽婂埌姣忎釜鏈堜腑锛屽悓鏃朵粯娓呬笂涓杩樻鏃ヨ嚦鏈杩樻鏃ヤ箣闂寸殑鍒╂伅銆傝繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓湪鍚岀瓑鏉′欢涓嬫墍鍋胯繕鐨勬诲埄鎭姣旂瓑棰濇湰鎭皯锛岄殢鐫鏃堕棿鎺ㄧЩ锛岃繕娆捐礋鎷呬究浼氶愭笎鍑忚交锛屼絾鐢变簬鍒╂伅鏄掑噺鐨勫紑濮嬪嚑骞寸殑鏈堜緵閲戦瑕佹瘮绛夐鏈伅楂橈紝鍘嬪姏浼氬緢澶э紝鎵浠ヨ繖绉嶈繕娆炬柟寮忓浜庢敹鍏ラ珮涓旇繕娆惧帇鍔涗笉澶х殑浜虹兢姣旇緝鍚堥傘

3銆佺瓑棰濇湰鎭繕娆炬硶閫傚悎鏀跺叆绋冲畾浜虹兢

绛夐鏈伅鏄寚锛屾妸鎸夋彮璐锋鐨勬湰閲戞婚涓庡埄鎭婚鐩稿姞锛岀劧鍚庡钩鍧囧垎鎽婂埌杩樻鏈熼檺鐨勬瘡涓湀涓備綔涓鸿繕娆句汉锛屾瘡涓湀杩樼粰閾惰鍥哄畾閲戦锛屼絾姣忔湀杩樻棰濅腑鐨勬湰閲戞瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑銆佸埄鎭瘮閲嶉愭湀閫掑噺銆傚浜庢敹鍏ョǔ瀹氥佺粡娴庢潯浠朵笉鍏佽鍓嶆湡鎶曞叆杩囧ぇ鐨勫搴彲浠ラ夋嫨杩欑鏂瑰紡銆

4銆佷竴娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭硶閫傚悎浠庝簨缁忚惀娲诲姩浜虹兢鎴栫煭鏈熻捶娆

涓娆℃ц繕鏈粯鎭紝鎸囧熸鍒版湡鏃ヤ竴娆℃у綊杩樻墍鏈夎捶娆惧埄鎭拰鏈噾鐨勮繕娆炬柟娉曘傚浜庡皬浼佷笟鎴栬呬釜浣撶粡钀ヨ咃紝鍙互鍑忚交杩樻鍘嬪姏銆

5銆佽浆鎸夋彮

杞寜鎻槸鎸囩敱鏂拌捶娆鹃摱琛屽崗鍔╁鎴锋壘鎷呬繚鍏徃锛岃繕娓呭師璐锋閾惰鐨勯挶锛岀劧鍚庨噸鏂板湪鏂拌捶娆捐鏂欑悊璐锋銆傚鏋滀綘鐩墠鎵鍦ㄩ摱琛屼笉鑳界粰浣7鎶樻埧璐峰埄鐜囦紭鎯狅紝灏卞畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ユ埧璐疯烦妲斤紝瀵绘壘鏈瀹炴儬鐨勯摱琛屻傜敱浜庣珵浜夋縺鐑堬紝涓浜涢摱琛岃繕鏄浉褰撲箰鎰忎负浣犳晥鍔崇殑銆

6銆佹寜鏈堣皟鎭

濡傛灉鐩墠鏄檷鎭秼鍔匡紝甯傛皯浠ュ墠鑻ラ夋嫨鐨勬埧璐峰浐瀹氬埄鐜囷紝閭e氨璧剁揣杞负娴姩鍒╃巼鎵嶅垝绠椼備笉杩囷紝鍥哄畾鈥濇敼鈥滄诞鍔ㄢ濋渶瑕佹敮浠樹竴瀹氭暟棰濈殑杩濈害閲戙

7銆佸弻鍛ㄤ緵鐪佸埄鎭

鍙屽懆渚涚缉鐭簡杩樻鍛ㄦ湡锛屾瘮鍘熸潵鎸夋湀杩樻鐨勮繕娆鹃鐜囬珮涓浜涳紝鐢辨鍙戠敓鐨勪究鏄捶娆剧殑鏈噾鍑忓皯寰楁洿蹇紝涔熷氨鎰忓懗鐫鍦ㄦ暣涓繕娆炬湡鍐呮墍褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝灏嗚繙杩滃皬浜庢寜鏈堣繕娆炬椂褰掕繕鐨勮捶娆惧埄鎭紝鏈噾鍑忓皯閫熷害鍔犲揩銆傚洜姝わ紝杩樻鐨勫懆鏈熻缂╃煭锛屽悓鏃朵篃鑺傜渷浜嗗熸浜虹殑鎬绘敮鍑恒傚浜庡伐浣滃拰鏀跺叆绋冲畾鐨勪汉锛岄夋嫨鍙屽懆渚涜繕鏄緢鍚堥傜殑銆

8銆佹彁鍓嶈繕璐风缉鐭湡闄

鎻愬墠杩樿捶涔嬪墠瑕佺畻濂借处锛屽洜涓轰笉鏄墍鏈夌殑鎻愬墠杩樿捶閮借兘鐪侀挶銆傛瘮鏂癸紝杩樿捶骞撮檺宸茬粡閫捐秺涓鍗婏紝鏈堣繕娆鹃涓湰閲戝ぇ浜庡埄鎭紝閭d箞鎻愬墠杩樻鐨勬剰涔夊氨涓嶅ぇ銆傛澶栵紝灞閮ㄦ彁鍓嶈繕璐峰悗锛屽墿涓嬬殑璐锋甯傛皯搴旈夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺锛岃屼笉鏄噺灏戞瘡鏈堣繕娆鹃銆傚洜涓猴紝閾惰鏀跺彇鍒╂伅涓昏鏄緷鐓ц捶娆鹃噾棰濆崰鎹摱琛岀殑鏃堕棿鍒╂伅鏉ヨ绠楃殑鍥犳閫夋嫨缂╃煭璐锋鏈熼檺灏卞彲浠ユ湁鏁堝噺灏戝埄鎭殑鏀嚭銆傚亣濡傝捶娆炬湡闄愮缉鐭悗姝eソ鑳藉綊鍏ユ洿浣庡埄鐜囩殑鏈熼檺妗f锛岀渷鎭殑鏁堟灉灏辨洿鏄庢樉浜嗚屼笖锛岄檷鎭繃绋嬩腑锛屽線寰鐭湡璐锋鍒╃巼涓嬮檷鐨勫箙搴︽洿澶с

9銆佸叕绉噾杞处杩樿捶

鐢宠璐埧缁勫悎璐锋鏃讹紝涓鏂归潰灏介噺鐢ㄨ冻鍏Н閲戣捶娆惧苟灏介噺寤堕暱璐锋骞撮檺锛屼韩鍙椾綆鍒╃巼濂藉鐨勫悓鏃讹紝鏈澶ф按骞冲湴闄嶄綆姣忔湀鍏Н閲戠殑杩樻棰濓紱鏈澶ф按骞冲湴缂╃煭鍟嗕笟璐锋骞撮檺锛屽搴粡娴庡彲鎺ュ彈鑼冨洿鍐呭敖鍙兘鎻愰珮姣忔湀鍟嗕笟璐锋鐨勮繕娆鹃銆傝繖鏍凤紝鏈堣繕娆鹃鐨勭粨鏋勪腑灏变細鍛堢幇鍏Н閲戜唤棰濆皯銆佸晢涓氫唤棰濆鐨勭姸鎬併傚叕绉噾璐︽埛鍦ㄦ姷鍏呭叕绉噾鏈堜緵鍚庯紝浣欓灏辫兘鎶靛厖鍟嗕笟鎬ц捶娆撅紝杩欐牱鑺傜渷鐨勫埄鎭氨寰堝彲瑙傘 

锛堝崕榫欑綉缁煎悎锛




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